By Brian Liu
The iconic Hawaiian vamp has many variations. The inspiration for the advanced techniques in this ukulele lesson comes from the song Noho Pai Pai as performed by the Ka’au Crater Boys and by the Makaha Sons featuring Jake Shimabukuro. Let’s look at a new way to play the Hawaiian vamp.
Advanced Vamp Chords
The basic vamp in the key of C is three chords: D7 G7 C. We can alter the chords by playing D9 to G13b9 and ending on C as a barre chord.
Let’s look at how to hold these chords.
- For the D9 chord, barre the 5th fret with the index finger, place the middle finger on the 6th fret of the C string, and use either the ring finger or pinky to hold the 7th fret on the A string. Alternatively, you can assign one finger per string such that the index finger holds the 5th fret of the G string, ring finger on the 6th fret of the C string, middle finger on the 5th fret of the E string, and pinky on the 7th fret of the A string.
- For the G13b9 chord, reuse your finger assignment from the D9 chord, but slide the fingers back 1 fret on the G, C, and E strings. Use your pinky to play the 7th fret of the A string.
- The C chord is played as a barre chord. Use the index finger to barre the 3rd fret while the middle finger holds the 4th fret of the C string and the ring finger holds the 5th fret of the G string.
Once you’re comfortable moving between these three chords, practice the chords with 2 down strums of D7, 2 down strums of G7, and C as down down-up up-down.
Hawaiian music is often played using swing feel and triplets. To accomplish this, divide the pulse by 3 to create triplets. The right hand needs to be flexible by playing either long & short strums or by playing continuous triplets.
To learn this strumming technique, we’ll use open string chord shapes for D7, G7, and C. Practice strumming these chords according to the following 3 levels.
- Start by playing quarter note down strums. Each strum falls on the beat.
- Add an up strum between the down strum using a swing feel. To do this, play the down strum with a longer duration and the up strum with a short duration.
- Add a triplet strum on the D7 chord. Notice how your right-hand strums Down-Up-Down for one beat, and then Up-Down-Up on the next beat. Getting comfortable with this alternating movement is the key to creating a smooth sounding triplet strum. Bonus Tip: Change to the C chord on the up strum before the down beat.
Once you feel comfortable with each of the levels above, practice moving seamlessly between the quarter note pulse, swung eight notes, and the triplet strum.
Hawaiian Fingerpicking Melody
Instead of strumming a vamp, you can fingerpick a riff that outlines the sound of the Hawaiian vamp. In the example below, we’re outlining some of the notes that make up the D9 and the G7 chords before resolving to the note C.
When learning this riff, consider these tips:
- If you’re strumming the song with a swing feel, then play the individual notes with the same swing feel
- Slide your finger from the 6th fret back to the 5th fret to create a smoother sound.
Take your time to practice these strumming patterns and phrases. Experiment with creating your own variations. The best way to continue learning is to listen to traditional Hawaiian music and emulate the strumming and picking that you hear. Happy practicing!
Brian Liu is a musician and educator in the San Francisco Bay Area. You can find him on YouTube, Instagram, and Facebook under the handle @nextlevelukulele.
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